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Travel Tips

Passport & Visa

A valid passport and entry visa are required. Tourist visa is valid for 4 weeks, and able to extend for an additional 14 days. A business visa is valid for 10 weeks, extendible for between 3-12months on a case-by-case basis. Visa on Arrival can be arranged for those where Myanmar Embassies do not exist.

Weather & Climate

Three main seasons in Myanmar Summer ( March to May with an average temperature of 30-35 degree Celsius), Rainy ( June to September from 25-30 degree Celsius ) and Winter ( October to February from 20-24 degree Celsius ).

Location & Geography

Myanmar lies in South East Asia bordering Vietnam & Laos (EAST), Bangladesh (WEST), India (NORTH-WEST), China (NORTH-EAST) and Thailand (SOUTH-EAST). Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal surround the coastal region of Myanmar. It is the world's 40th largest country and the second largest in Southeast Asia. Myanmar Geographic coordinates : 22 00N, 98 00E.

Total area of Myanmar covers approximately 678,500 square kilometers (261,970.315 square miles). Land Area 657,740 sq km and Water Area 20,760 sq km. Coastline of 1,930 km. Myanmar is divided into seven states named Mon, Kayin, Rakhine, Kayah, Shan, Chin and Kachin and seven divisions as follows Thaninthayi, Yangon, Ayeyarwaddy (Irrawaddy), Bago, Magwe, Mandalay and Sagaing. Four main rivers generally flowing from north to south are the great Ayeyarwaddy, Chindwin, Sittaung and Thanlwin (Salwin). The highest snow capped mountain called Hkakabo Razi with 5,881 meter above sea level is situated in northern Myanmar. Burma (Myanmar) is rich in gems stones, teak, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources.

Airport Tax

10USD per person is charged as a departure tax for international departures. No airport tax is required for domestic flights.

Time & Electricity

Six and a half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT/UTC)

220 Volt 50 Hz

Customs

Exporting of antiques is prohibited. Gems and jewelery bought from the licensed dealers, or who can issue and export permit are accepted. Visitors need to declare, electrical goods and cameras to the Customs on arrival at the Airport and can bring 100 cigarettes, one quart of wine and one pint of perfume as duty free.

Water

Please drink purified bottled water and mineral water only.

Health

We would like to suggest you to consult with your doctor before coming and to bring your own required medication if needed. Take precaution from malaria and to prevent mosquito bites. Prescription drugs are not widely available. Hat, sun block cream and umbrella are recommended to bring since the sun can be quite hot.

Things Needed

- Light, comfortable and decent clothes
- When visiting pagoda long pants and t-shirts covering shoulders are a must to wear. Footwear are prohibited on pagodas and most of religious places therefore flip-flop or any easy to put on and off foot-wears are recommended.
- Jacket and sweater may be needed when traveling in winter.
- Hat, sunglasses and sun block.
- Insect repellent
- Torchlight, alarm clock and universal adaptor.

Travel Insurance

Travel insurance is not common and worth to do in Myanmar therefore it is recommended to purchase in your own country or choose a reliable insurance company who has an agent in Myanmar.

Social Ethics

Shaking hands with monks and nuns are not appropriate and women are adviced to keep a distance from monks. Greeting by kissing on a cheek is not common. Shoes and socks must be take off before going onto pagodas. Do not stretch your feet towards someone especially elders and to the shrines. Not to touch a monk and also the head of elders. Avoid sitting higher than a monk or shrines. Offering food to monks and nuns before midday is acceptable. After midday only soft drinks can be offered.

Clothing

Light and casual cotton clothes are recommend bringing if travelling for summer. Slippers or sandals are flexible if travelling to pagodas and monasteries since footwear is prohibited.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit will be from November to March when the temperature at its bearable heat (between 20 to 30 degree Celsius.) From April to May the weather is extremely hot and humid except the north part where it is at comfortable level. End of June to October Myanmar is in rainy season.

Food

China, India, Thai and other cuisine representing different parts of the country have influenced Burmese Food. The staple Myanmar food is mainly rice, curry and fish products like fish sauce and ngapi(fish paste). Along the coastal sites like Sittwe, Kyaukpyu, Mawlamyaing, Mergui and Dawei are rich in seafood. The traditional foods of Myanmar are Mohingha(Rice noodle with fish gravy) and Ohn-No-Khaukswe(noodle with coconut milk and chicken curry). Mainly served as breakfast food. Salads which are popular as a fast food are also included in Myanmar cuisine such as rice, noodle, tomato, kaffir lime, La phet(pickled tea leaves) and ngapi (fish paste). Shan (esp Shan noodle, malar salad, tofu nhway (moilting tofu), wat tachin(sour pork) and sticky rice) and Rakhine (esp Rakhine mote te with fish soup and rakhine mote te salad) food are delicacy to Myanmar food. Others well-known food according to the states are :- Kachin (grilled fish), Kayin (kout nyin chay htout), Mon (pain yoe hin khar) and Chin (Sabuti, chin htamanal and chin khoun yay) Bagan (Pone Yay Kyi aka fermented beanpaste). There are also variety of snacks and desserts named :- Ah Kyaw, couple snacks, mote lone yay paw, mote kywal tal, mote kalal mal, mote late pyar, si htamin, htet nhyat, shwe yin aye, bain mote, mandalay hto mote(Mandalay), khout mote and so on. They are mostly made from wheat and rice except htetnyat which is made from htan pin.(toddy juice). HAVE FUN ENJOYING EXQUISITE MYANMAR FOOD.

Language

Native language is Myanmar and minority ethnic groups use their own languages. English is widely used nowadays.

Culture & Population

Total population of Myanmar is over 60 million making it the world’s 24th most populous country. Among the total population 135 are the national races. The main language use in Myanmar is Burmese. The majority of population namely Burmese, Chinese and India are blended with minority groups of ethnics portraying a multi cultured nation. Two third of population is of Buddhist but freedom of religion can be seen in Myanamr. The beauty of local people is respecting elderly, polite, helpful, friendly, cheerful, kind and always wearing a smile on their faces. Myanmar traditional costume for men consist of collar less white shirt with an over coat and longyi also knows as sarong. Myanmar ladies prefer silk but also cotton dress with lady longyi also known as htamain.

Business Hours

Government office opening hours from 09:00 to 16:30 on weekdays. Shops open from 10:00 to 21:00 from Monday to Saturday. Private companies from 09:00 to 17:00 from Monday to Saturday. Banking from 10:00 to 15:00 from Monday to Saturday.

GSM prepaid Card & Currency

Prepaid GSM SIM Cards are available at Yangon International Airport, Shopping Malls and Mobile Shops and cost 20USD. - Myanmar local currency is called Kyat